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The Holy Grail,
Quest of Logres

  1. Introduction to the Holy Grail, Quest of Logres
  2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
              the Name “Grail”, Multiple “Grails”, and Other Sacred/Mystical Objects
    1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
                the Name “Grail”, Multiple “Grails”, and Other Sacred/Mystical Objects
    2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Grail”
    3. Existence of Multiple “Grails”
      1. Introduction to the Existence of Multiple “Grails”
      2. Pre-Mediæval-Christian “Grails”
        1. Introduction to the Pre-Mediæval Christian “Grails”
        2. Pagan “Grails”
          1. Introduction to Pagan “Grails”
          2. Paleolithic/Neolithic “Grails”
            • Introduction to Paleolithic/Neolithic “Grails”
            • Animal Horn
            • Human Skull
          3. Sumerian “Grails”
            • Introduction to Sumerian “Grails”
            • Strongly Fermented Grain Drink
            • Plant of Birth
            • Extract of Star Fire
            • “Nectar of Supreme Excellece”
          4. Egyptian “Grail” — Distilled Fungus Drink
        3. Jewish “Grails”
          1. Introduction to Jewish “Grails”
          2. Cabalistic “Grails”
          3. Non-Cabalistic (Passover/Seder) “Grails”
            • Introduction to Non-Cabalistic (Passover/Seder) “Grails”
            • Kiddish Cup (Sanctification)
            • Haggadah Cup (Proclamation)
            • Berakah Cup (Blessing)
            • Hallel Cup (Praise)
            • Cup of Elijah (Future)
            • Miriam’s Cup (Sustenance — Living Waters)
      3. Mediæval-Christian “Holy” Grails
        1. Introduction to the Mediæval Christian “Holy” Grails
        2. Gnostic “Grail”
          1. Introduction to the Gnostic “Grail”
          2. Albigensian
          3. Cathars/Perfecti
        3. Roman Catholic “Grail”
          1. Introduction to the Roman Catholic “Grail”
          2. Last Supper Chalice
          3. Cup of Huesca
          4. Tassilo Chalice
          5. Cup of San Juan de la Peña
          6. Chalice of Doña Urraca
          7. Valencia Chalice — Santo Cáliz (“Holy Chalice of the Last Supper”)
        4. Joseph of Arimathea’s “Grail” — Glastonbury (Ynys Witrin)
          1. Introduction to Joseph of Arimathea’s “Grail”
          2. Nanteos Cup
          3. Chalice Well’s Blue Bowl
        5. Marian Chalice
          1. Introduction to the Marian Chalice
          2. Forms of the Marian Chalice
            • Introduction to Forms of the Marian Chalice
            • Small Cup
            • Gospel of Thomas
            • Small Roman Onyx Scent Jar
          3. History of the Marian Chalice
            • Introduction to the History of the Marian Chalice
            • Christ’s Tomb
            • Rome
            • Owain D(d)an(t)(g)wyn at Caer-Guricon (Wroxeter), Britain
            • Payne Peveril (Percival), descendant of Owain D(d)an(t)(g)wyn
            • Sir Fulk FitzWaryn at Whittington Castle, Shropshire
            • Alberbury Priory
            • Robert Vernon
            • Statue of St John in Hawkstone Park
        6. Roslin/Rosslyn Chapel Grail
          1. Introduction to the Roslin/Rosslyn Chapel Grail
          2. Temple of Solomon, Jerusalem
          3. Templiesen (Knights Templar)
          4. Templar’s First Grand Master, Hugues de Payen
          5. Henry Sinclair, Earl of Orkney, in Scotland
          6. Roslin/Rosslyn Chapel at Roslin/Rosslyn Castle — Apprentice Pillar
        7. Lesser Mediæval-Christian “Holy” Grails
          1. Introduction to the Lesser Mediæval-Christian “Holy” Grails
          2. Chalice of the Abbot Suger(ius) of Saint-Denis
          3. Antioch Chalice
          4. Bruges Grail/Phial
          5. Genoa Chalice
            • Introduction to the Genoa Chalice
            • Sacro Catino
            • Santo Cantion
          6. Santo Milagro
      4. Post-Mediæval-Christian “Grail”
        1. Introduction to the Post-Mediæval-Christian “Grail”
        2. Cup of Jamshid
        3. Elixir of Life/Immortality
        4. Pool of Nectar
        5. Amrit/Maha/Soma Ras — Immortality/Great/Soma Juice
        6. Water/Fountain of Life — Uisce Beatha
        7. Liquid Gold
        8. Fountain of Bounty
    4. Comparison of Other Sacred/Mystical Objects to “Grail”
      1. Introduction to the Comparison of Other Sacred/Mystical Objects to “Grail”
      2. “Grail”-like Objects — Vessels
        1. Introduction to “Grail”-like Objects — Vessels
        2. Vessels of Abundance
          1. Introduction to Vessels of Abundance
          2. Greek — Cornucopia (Horn of Plenty)
          3. Roman — Gradalis/Gradatim (Dish/Platter)
          4. Irish/Gaelic — Four Treasures/Jewels/Hallows of the Tuatha dé Danann
            • Introduction to the Four Treasures/Jewels/Hallows of the Tuatha dé Danann
            • Lia Fáil (Stone of Fál) — Stone of Destiny — Earth
            • Coire (Great Cauldron of the Dagda) — the Undry — Water
            • Sleg (Spear of Lug) — Air
            • Cainnel/Claideb/Claiomh Solais (Sword/Torch of Nùada) — Fire
          5. Welsh/Cymric Vessels of Abundance
            • Introduction to Welsh/Cymric Vessels of Abundance
            • Horn (Corn)
            • Dish (Dysgl/Desgyl)
            • Cauldrons
              • Specific Owners
                     — of Annw(f)n’s Cauldron
                     — of Ceridwen’s Cauldron
                     — of Bran Fendigaid’s (Raven the Blessed’s) Cauldron
              • Words for Vessel
                     — Callor
                     — C(h)rochan(au)/(N)g(h)rochan(au)
                     — Bair/Mhair/P(h)air
        3. Vessels of Salvation
          1. Introduction to Vessels of Salvation
          2. (Silver) Platter, with or without a Head
            • With a Head
              • John the Baptist
              • Peredur’s Cousin
            • Without a Head
          3. Grail/Chalice of Christ
          4. Bleeding Lance/Spear of Destiny/Longinus
          5. Sword, or Candelabra(s)
            • Sword
              • Chrétien’s Perceval
                     — The Sword is fashioned by the smith Trabuchet
                     — Given to Perceval by the Fisher King
              • First and Second Continuations of Perceval
                     — The perfect Grail Knight could mend the Sword
                     — Which had become broken through unknown means
              • Third Continuation
                     — Sword was broken by a knight named Partinal
                     — Who used it to kill Goondesert, the Fisher King’s brother
              • Fourth Continuation — Perceval is finally able to mend the Sword completely
              • Perlesvaus
                     — The Sword is that which beheaded John the Baptist
                     — Gawain needed it to enter the Grail Castle
                     — He recovered the Sword from King Gurguran as a reward
                     — It was then stolen by the King of the Watch
                     — The Sword was returned to the Fisher King by Gawain
              • Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône
                     — The Grail Sword is simply awarded to Gawain
                     — Upon completion of the Grail Quest
              • Vulgate Queste del Saint Graal
                     — Having been shattered when it struck Joseph of Arimathea, it became the Broken Sword
                     — It was mended by Galahad at the conclusion of the Grail Quest
            • Candelabra(s)
        4. Vessels of Transformation/Transmutation
          1. Introduction to Vessels of Transformation/Transmutation
          2. Baphomet/Goat of Mendes
            • Introduction to Baphomet/Goat of Mendes
            • Overall meanings
              • Initiation by Origin of Waters
              • Wisdom of Measurement
            • Baphe
              • Dipping
              • Absorption
              • Brilliant red colour used in illuminating ancient manuscripts
            • Metis
              • Device
              • Skill
              • Wisdom (Sophia)
              • Knowledge
          3. Tarot Suits
            • Introduction to the Tarot Suits
            • Pentacles – Earth
            • Cups – Water
            • Wands – Air/Fire
            • Swords – Fire/Air
      3. Non-“Grail”-like Objects
        1. Pagan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          1. Introduction to Pagan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          2. Gamgam Bird
          3. (Bennu Bird)/(Phoenix)
          4. Benben Stone
          5. Stone
            • Giramphiel the Goddess
            • Fimbeus
            • Gawain
          6. Horn — Oliphant/Olivant
          7. Ring of Dispell
            • Lady of the Lake
            • Lancelot
          8. Skein of Thread
            • Ilamert of Lanoier
            • Laamorz of Janfrüege
            • Gawain
          9. “Thirteen” Treasures of Britain
            • Introduction to the “Thirteen” Treasures of Britain
            • Dyrnwyn, gleddyf Rhydderch Hael
              • White-Hilt, The Sword
              • of Rhydderch Hael (the Generous)
            • Mwys Gwyddno Garan(h)ir
              • The Hamper/Basket
              • of Gwyddno Garanhir (Long-Shank)
            • Korn/Corn Brân Galed o’r Gogledd
              • The Horn
              • of Brân/Bran Galed (the Niggard) from the North
            • Cadair Nu Kar/Car Morgan Mwynfawr
              • The Chariot
              • of Morgan Mwynfawr (the Wealthy)
            • Kebystr/Cebystr Klydno/Cly(d)no Eiddin/Eid(d)yn
              • The Halter
              • of Klydno/Cly(d)no Eiddin/Eid(d)yn
            • Kyllell/Cyllell Llawfrodedd/Llawnrodded Farchog
              • The Knife
              • of Llawfrodedd/Llawfronedd Farchog/Farfog (the Horseman)
            • Pair Dyrnwch/Drynog Gawr
              • The Cauldron
              • of Dyrnwch/Diwrnach the Giant
            • Hogalen Tudwal/Tudno Tudglyd/Tudclyd/Tutklyd
              • The Whetstone
              • of Tudwal Tudglyd/Tutklyd
            • Pais Padarn/Badarn Beisrydd/Beisrudd
              • The Coat/Cloak/Garment/Tunic
              • of Padarn/Badarn Beisrudd (of the (Scarlet Robe)/(Red(-)Coat))
            • Gren a desgyl/dysgyl Rhygenydd/Rhagennydd Ysgolhaig
              • The Crock/Pan/Pot and the Dish/Platter
              • of Rhygenydd/Rhagennydd the Cleric
            • Gwyddbwyll/Tawlbwrdd Gwenddoleu/Gwenddolau ap Ceidio
              • The Chessboard/Draughtboard
              • of Gwenddoleu/Gwenddolau ap (son of) Ceidio
            • Llen/Mantell Arthyr yng Nghernyw
              • The Mantle/Robe/Veil
              • of Arthur in Cornwall
            • Mantell
              • The Mantle/Robe
              • of Tegau Eurfon/Eurvron (Gold-Breast)
            • Modrwy/Modray (E)luned
              • The Ring
              • of (E)luned/Lunete the Fortunate
            • The Stone of (E)luned
            • The Coulter (of Rhun Gawr)/(of Tringer ap Nudd/Nod)
        2. “Abrahamic” Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          1. Introduction to Abrahamic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          2. Judaic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Introduction to Judaic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • “Manna”/Shewbread
            • The Ark of the Covenant
          3. Christian Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Introduction to Christian Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Grail Table
            • Veil of Veronica
            • Shroud of Turin
            • Sacred Bloodline
              • Introduction to the Sacred Bloodline
              • Mary/Miryam Magdalene/Migdalah
              • Documents/Scrolls
              • Descendants
          4. Mohammedan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Introduction to Mohammedan Non-“Grail”-like Objects
            • Sufic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
              • Introduction to Sufic Non-“Grail”-like Objects
              • The Pearl
              • Il Izahirati
              • Alabsit Sillis
            • Muslim Non-“Grail”-like Object — The Holy Black Stone
        3. Alchemical Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          1. Introduction to Alchemical Non-“Grail”-like Objects
          2. Ul-Ag-Abnu/Shem-An-NaHighward Fire-Stone
          3. Lapis Exil(l)is/ExillasStone of the Stars
            • Lapis Philosophorum/ElixirStone of the Philosophers/Elixir
            • Lapis ex CaelisStone from the Heavens
  3. “Grail” in Literature
    1. Introduction to the “Grail” in Literature
    2. Earliest Reference(s) in Literature
      1. Gradale (Of the Grail)
        1. by Waleran (AD 717/719)
        2. as reported by the 12th/13th century AD Cistercian monk Héli(-n)and(us) de/of Froidmont
        3. in his Chronicon (compiled from AD 1211 to AD 1223)
        4. “The Grail” as gradale/gradalis/graalz/greal
          1. “a wide and somewhat hollowed-out vessel in which delicious food is served to the rich, the single pieces being arranged in rows.
            It is commonly called a greal, partly because it is pleasing to eat from, partly on account of the vessel itself which is perhaps of silver
            or some other precious metal, and partly because of the contents — a plentiful arrangement of delicious foods”
          2. a wide (broad), deep (capacious) saucer/dish/salver
          3. scutella lata et aliquantulum profunda
      2. Perceval, or Le Conte du Graal (Perceval, or The Story of the Grail)
        1. by Chrétien de Troyes
        2. AD 1176/1180/1191
        3. “A Grail” as un graal
          1. beautiful golden dish
          2. with some mysterious properties
    3. Grail’s history in the time of Joseph of Arimathea
      1. Introduction to the Grail’s history in the time of Joseph of Arimathea
      2. Verses by Rigaut/Rigaud(us)/Richart(z) de Berbezilh/Berbezill(o)/Barbesiu/Barbezieux in his Vida
        1. A late 12th/early 13th century AD Provençal troubadour (flourished AD 1140/1163)
        2. Where mention is made of Perceval, the Lance, and the Grail
          1. “Like Perceval when he lived, who stood amazed in contemplation,
                 so that he was quite unable to ask what purpose the lance and grail served”
          2. Attressi con Persavaus el temps que vivia, que sesbait d’esgarder tant
                 qu’anc non saup demandar de que servia la lansa ni-l grazaus
      3. Robert de Boron’s Joseph d’Arimathie (Joseph of Arimathea)
      4. Robert de Boron’s Merlin
      5. Robert de Boron’s Didot-Perceval
      6. Estoire del Saint Grail (History of the Holy Grail, or Vulagte Merlin, or Prose Merlin) of the Vulgate Cycle
      7. Suite du Merlin, or Huth-Merlin (Continuation of Merlin) of the Post-Vulgate Cycle
    4. King Arthur’s Knights visiting the Grail Castle — Questing after the Grail
      1. Introduction to King Arthur’s Knights visiting the Grail Castle — Questing after the Grail
      2. Chrétien de Troyes’ Perceval
      3. Four continuations of Chrétien’s Perceval
        1. Wauchier of Denain’s (Gauchier of Donaing’s) First Continuation of Perceval
        2. Gauchier of Donaing’s (Wauchier of Denain’s) Second Continuation
        3. Manessier’s Third
        4. Gerbert de Montreuil’s Fourth
      4. Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival
      5. Perlesvaus, or Le/Li Haut Livre(s) du Graal (The High History of the Holy Grail)
      6. Lancelot Propre (Lancelot Proper) of the Vulgate Cycle
      7. Queste del Saint Graal (Quest of the Holy Grail) of the Vulgate Cycle
      8. Didot-Perceval
      9. Heinrich von dem Türlin’s Diu Crône (The Crown)
      10. Peredur (Perceval), generally included in the Mabinogion
      11. Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur
  4. Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights
    1. Introduction to the Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights
    2. Grail Kingdom
      1. Introduction to the Grail Kingdom
      2. Terre Salvæsche (Land of Salvation)
      3. In the Vulgate Cycle
        1. Strange Land (Listenois)
        2. Waste Land
    3. Grail Castle
      1. Introduction to the Grail Castle
      2. Carbonek/Corben(ic)/Corbin/Holy Vessel/Adventurous (Palace)/Palace of Adventures
        1. Brân’s Settlement
        2. Caer-Benwick
      3. Munsalvæsche/Mons Salvationis/Mount Salvat
      4. Illes
      5. Castle of Souls/Castle of Joy/“Eden”
      6. (Gohort)
      7. (Rock of Canguin)
    4. Grail Family
      1. Introduction to the Grail Family
      2. Grail Keepers
        1. Introduction to the Grail Keepers
        2. Joseph of Arimathea
        3. (He)bron(s)/Brân
        4. Evrawg/Alein/Ala(i)n (le Gros)/(the Thickset/Fat)
        5. Additional Grail Keepers
      3. Grail/Fisher/Maimed Kings (Rich Fishers)
        1. Introduction to the Kings/Fishers
        2. Titurel
        3. Frimutel
        4. Anfortas/Amfortas/Boaz
        5. Parlan/Pellehan/Pelham/Pellam
        6. Pelle(a)s/Pellé — King of the Land Beyond
        7. Perceval
        8. Lohe(ra)ngrin
        9. Additional Kings/Fishers — Messios, among others
      4. Other Family Members
    5. Grail Heroes/Knights
      1. Introduction to Heroes/Knights
      2. Perceval
      3. Gawain
      4. Hector
      5. Bors
      6. Lancelot
      7. Galahad
      8. (Templars)
  5. Grail Procession, Maidens, and Questions
    1. Introduction to the Grail Procession, Maidens, and Questions
    2. Grail Procession
    3. Grail Maidens
      1. Introduction to the Grail Maidens
      2. Grail Maiden Description
        1. Rose of Sharon
        2. House of the Sun
      3. Specific Grail Maidens
        1. Repanse de Schoye
        2. Other Grail Maidens
    4. Grail Questions
      1. Introduction to the Grail Questions
      2. What is the Grail?
      3. Whom does it serve?
  6. Folklore Motifs related to “Grails”
    1. Introduction to Folklore Motifs related to “Grails”
    2. Forms related to “Grails”
      1. Introduction to Forms related to “Grails”
      2. Vessel Forms
        1. Introduction to Vessel Forms
        2. Cauldron
        3. Kettle
        4. Cup
        5. Skull
        6. Horn
        7. Bowl
        8. Urn
        9. Jar
        10. Chalice
        11. Grail
        12. Dish
        13. Platter
        14. Basin
      3. Non-Vessel Forms
        1. Introduction to Non-Vessel Forms
        2. Lance
        3. Ring
        4. Milk/Water/Sea/Blood
        5. Meal
        6. Crystal/Ruby/Stone
        7. Silver/Gold
        8. Gold Crowns
        9. Bamboo
        10. Wood
        11. Fish
        12. Fox
        13. Crane
        14. Crab
        15. Bones
        16. Soul
    3. Motif Categories related to “Grails”
      1. Introduction to Motif Categories related to “Grails”
      2. Mythological
      3. Animals
      4. Tabu
      5. Magic
      6. The Dead
      7. Marvels
      8. Ogres
      9. Tests
      10. The Wise and the Foolish
      11. Deceptions
      12. Ordaining the Future
      13. Chance and Fate
      14. Society
      15. Rewards and Punishments
      16. Sex
      17. Traits of Character
      18. Humour
  7. Appendices: Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
    1. Geography of the Grail
    2. Genealogy of the Grail
    3. Timeline of the Grail

“There is more of Rome*, than of Romance, about Arthuriana”Glyn Hnutu-healh
*and Achaea, Akkad, Alans, Anglia, Arameans, Armorica, Assyria, Babylon, Briton, Cambria, Canaan, Cornwall, Crete, Cumbria, Dalriada, Domnonia, Egypt, Etruscans, ExtraTerrestrials, France, Frisia, Gaul, Greece, Hindavi,
Hittites, Huns, Hurrians, Idubor, Ireland, Judaea, Jutland, Lydia, Macedonia, Mesopotamia, Mycenaea, Narts, Norse, Persia, Phoenicia, Phrygia, Picts, Saxony, Scotland, Semites, Sumer, Ugarit, and Wales — to name a few

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