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The History:
Cornwall, Wales, and France
(Saxons, Romans, Picts, Scots, and the Irish)

  1. Introduction to the History: Cornwall, Wales, and France (Saxons, Romans, Picts, Scots, and the Irish)
  2. The Keltoí, Keltai(s), Celtae, Celtiberi(ans), Celtici, Celtus, and Modern “Celts”
    1. Introduction to the Keltoí, Keltai(s), Celtae, Celtiberi(ans), Celtici, Celtus, and Modern “Celts”
    2. Gauls
      1. Κελτοί/Keltoí/Γαλάται/Galatai/(Galatians)
      2. Κελταί/Κέλται/Keltai(s)/(Ferries)
      3. Celtae/Galli/(Galle)
    3. Celtiberi(ans)
      1. Lusones
      2. Titi
      3. Arevaci
      4. Pelendones
    4. Κελτικοί/Celtici
    5. Κελτός/Κέλτος/Keltos/Kǽltos/Celtus
      1. 1st-century literary genealogy by Παρθένιος/Parthenios/Parthǽnios/Parthenius of Νίκαια/Níkaia/Nicaea
      2. Son of Ήρακλής/Herakles/Hercules/Iraklís and Κελτίνη/Keltine/Kæltíni
      3. Κελτίνη/Keltine/Kæltíni is the daughter of Βρεττανός/Brettanos/Brettanus/Vrættanós
    6. Modern “Celts”
      1. Introduction to Modern “Celts”
      2. Origin
        1. Romans used Celtae to refer to continental Gauls, but not in reference to the inhabitants of Ireland and Britain
        2. No record of the term “Celt” being used prior to the 17th century AD in connection with the inhabitants of Ireland and Britain during the Iron Age
      3. Languages (in literary date order)
        1. Breton — c AD 431 to Present
        2. Irish — c AD 434 to Present
        3. Welsh — c AD 454 to Present
        4. Cornish — c AD 491 to AD 1800
        5. Scottish — c AD 512 to Present
        6. Manx — c AD 1600 to AD 1974
  3. The History of Cornwall, Wales, and France
    1. Introduction to the History of Cornwall, Wales, and France
    2. The History of Cornwall
      1. Introduction to the History of Cornwall
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Cornwall”, Five “Cornwalls”, and Additional Places Similar to Cornwall
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Cornwall”, Five “Cornwalls”, and Additional Places Similar to Cornwall
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Cornwall”
        3. Existence of Five “Cornwalls”
          1. Introduction to the Existence of Five “Cornwalls”
          2. Cornavii and Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni (in what is now Northern Scotland) — 1153 BC/AD 83 to AD 552/700
            • not too far from the Damnonii
            • not too far from the Votadini (portion of which became Lothian/Guotodin/Gododdin as Loenois/Lyonesse)
            • Prehistoric/Mythic era Cornavii
            • Roman era Cornavii and Roman era Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni
            • Sub-Roman era Cornavii and Sub-Roman era Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni
              • Early Sub-Roman era Cornavii and Early Sub-Roman era Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni
              • Middle Sub-Roman era Cornavii and Middle Sub-Roman era Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni
              • Late Sub-Roman era Cornavii and Late Sub-Roman era Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni
            • Early Mediæval era Cornavii and Early Mediæval era Creones/Cerones/Carnonacae/Caereni
          3. Cornovii/Cornubia/Corniu/Cernieu/Cerniw/Kerniw/Kernow/West Wales (Cornwall) — 351 BC to AD 1066
            • next to Dumnonia
            • not too far from Powys
            • next to the Isles of Scilly (as Lyonesse)
            • Prehistoric/Mythic era Cornovii
            • Roman era Cornovii/Cornubia/Corniu/Cerniw
            • Sub-Roman era Cornubia/Corniu/Cerniw
              • Early Sub-Roman era Cornubia/Corniu/Cerniw
              • Middle Sub-Roman era Cornubia/Corniu/Cerniw
              • Late Sub-Roman era Cornubia/Corniu/Cerniw
            • Early Mediæval era Cornubia/Corniu/Cernieu/Cerniw/Kerniw/Kernow/West Wales (Cornwall)
            • True Mediæval era Corniu/Cernieu/Cerniw/Kerniw/Kernow/West Wales (Cornwall)
          4. Cornovii (in what is now the Midlands) — AD 47 to AD 460
            • not too far from Dumnonia
            • next to the Ordovices (a porton of which became Powys)
            • Roman era Cornovii
            • Early Sub-Roman era Cornovii
          5. Cernyw/Glywyssing/Mid-South Wales/Gwynllg & Edeligion, Penychen & Gorfynedd/Morgannwg/Glamorgan — AD 383 to AD 1093
            • near to Dumnonia
            • near to Powys
            • Roman era Cernyw/Glywyssing/Mid-South Wales
            • Sub-Roman era Cernyw/Glywyssing/Mid-South Wales
              • Early Sub-Roman era Cernyw/Glywyssing/Mid-South Wales
              • Middle Sub-Roman era Cernyw/Glywyssing/Mid-South Wales/Gwynllg & Edeligion, Penychen & Gorfynedd
              • Late Sub-Roman era Gwynllg & Edeligion, Penychen & Gorfynedd/Glywyssing
            • Early Mediæval era Gwynllg & Edeligion, Penychen & Gorfynedd/Glywyssing
            • True Mediæval era Glywyssing
          6. Cornouaille/Kerne(v) (in what is now Brittany) — AD 387 to AD 1093
            • near to Domnonia
            • next to Poher
            • next to Léon (Leonais as Lyonesse)
            • Roman era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
            • Sub-Roman era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
              • Early Sub-Roman era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
              • Middle Sub-Roman era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
              • Late Sub-Roman era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
            • Early Mediæval era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
            • True Mediæval era Cornouaille/Kerne(v)
        4. Comparison of Other Places to “Cornwall”
      3. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of “Cornwall”
        1. Geography of “Cornwall”
        2. Genealogy of “Cornwall”
        3. Timeline of “Cornwall”
    3. The History of Wales
      1. Introduction to the History of Wales
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Wales”, Multiple “Wales”, and Additional Places Similar to Wales
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Wales”, Multiple “Wales”, and Additional Places Similar to Wales
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Wales”
        3. Existence of Multiple “Wales”
          1. Introduction to the Existence of Multiple “Wales”
          2. Cymru (of Damnonii/Alt Clut/Alt Clud/Strathclyde-Cumbria and Votadini/Manau Guotodin)
          3. Non-Cymru (indigenous peoples in what is now Wales)
        4. Comparison of Other Places to Wales
      3. Roman era Wales/Cymru — AD 383 to AD 410
      4. Sub-Roman era Wales/Cymru — AD 410 to AD 550
      5. Early Mediæval era Wales/Cymru — AD 550 to AD 871
      6. True Mediæval era Wales
        1. Wales/Cymru — AD 871 to AD 1050
        2. Princes of Wales — AD 1050 to AD 1289
        3. English Princes of Wales — AD 1289 to AD 1485
      7. Early Modern era Wales
        1. English Princes of Wales — AD 1485 to AD 1523
        2. True Early Modern era Wales — AD 1523 to AD 1624
      8. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Wales
        1. Geography of Wales
        2. Genealogy of Wales
        3. Timeline of Wales
    4. The History of France
      1. Introduction to the History of France
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “France”, Another Kind of “France”, and Additional Places Similar to France
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “France”, Another Kind of “France”, and Additional Places Similar to France
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “France”
        3. Existence of Another Kind of “France”
          1. Introduction to the Existence of Another Kind of “France”
          2. Vannetais/Briezh (what is now Brittany)
          3. Non-Briezh (the remainder of Gaul)
            • Belgae
            • Aquitani
        4. Comparison of Other Places to France
      3. Roman era Gaul
      4. Sub-Roman era France
        1. Early Sub-Roman era France
        2. Middle Sub-Roman era France
        3. Late Sub-Roman era France
      5. Early Mediæval era France
      6. True Mediæval era France
      7. Early Modern era France
      8. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of France
        1. Geography of France
        2. Genealogy of France
        3. Timeline of France
  4. The History of the Saxons, Romans, Picts, Scots, and the Irish
    1. Introduction to the History of the Saxons, Romans, Picts, Scots, and the Irish
    2. The History of the “Saxons”
      1. Introduction to the History of the “Saxons”
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Saxon”, Migrations of the “Saxons”, and Additional Peoples Compared to the “Saxons”
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Saxon”, Migrations of the “Saxons”, and Additional Peoples Compared to the “Saxons”
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Saxon”
        3. Migrations of the “Saxons”
          1. Introduction to the Migrations of the “Saxons”
          2. Angles
          3. Saxons
          4. Jutes
          5. Frisians
        4. Comparison of Other Peoples to the “Saxons”
      3. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of the “Saxons”
        1. Geography of the “Saxons”
        2. Genealogy of the “Saxons”
        3. Timeline of the “Saxons”
    3. The History of the Romans
      1. Introduction to the History of the Romans
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Roman”, Roman Settlements, and Roman-related Peoples
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Roman”, Roman Settlements, and Roman-related Peoples
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Roman”
        3. Settlements of the Romans
        4. Comparison of Other Peoples to the Romans
      3. Roman era Britain — AD 43 to AD 410
        1. Introduction to Roman era Britain — AD 43 to AD 410
        2. AD 43 to AD 46
        3. AD 47 to AD 61
        4. AD 62 to AD 69
        5. AD 70 to AD 79
        6. AD 80 to AD 88
        7. AD 89
        8. AD 90 to AD 200
        9. AD 201 to AD 381
        10. AD 382 to AD 409
        11. AD 410
      4. Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 410 to AD 550
        1. Early Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 410 to AD 477
          1. Introduction to Early Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 410 to AD 477
          2. AD 410 to AD 425
          3. AD 426 to AD 449
          4. AD 450 to AD 470
          5. AD 471 to AD 474
          6. AD 475
          7. AD 476 to AD 477
        2. Middle Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 477 to AD 523
          1. Introduction to Middle Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 477 to AD 523
          2. AD 477 to AD 484
          3. AD 485 to AD 486
          4. AD 487 to AD 499
          5. AD 500
          6. AD 501 to AD 509
          7. AD 510 to AD 511
          8. AD 512 to AD 516
          9. AD 517 to AD 523
        3. Late Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 523 to AD 550
          1. Introduction to Late Sub-Roman era Britain — AD 523 to AD 550
          2. AD 523 to AD 524
          3. AD 525
          4. AD 526 to AD 529
          5. AD 530 to AD 534
          6. AD 535
          7. AD 536 to AD 537
          8. AD 538 to AD 539
          9. AD 540 to AD 549
          10. AD 550
      5. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of the Romans
        1. Geography of the Romans
        2. Genealogy of the Romans
        3. Timeline of the Romans
    4. The History of the Picts
      1. Introduction to the History of the Picts
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Pict”, Pict Settlements, and Pict-related Peoples
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Pict”, Pict Settlements, and Pict-related Peoples
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Pict”
          1. Βρίττωνες/Brittones/Brittanni
          2. Πρετ(τ)αν(ν)οί/Pret(t)an(n)oi/Pritani/Priteni
          3. Prydyn/Prydain
          4. Cruithin
        3. Settlements of the “Picts”
          1. Picti
            • Caledonii
            • Cornavii
            • Decantae
            • Epidii
            • Lugi
            • Smertae
            • Taexali
            • Vacomagi
          2. Iverni
          3. Pictones/Pictavii
        4. Comparison of Other Peoples to the Picts
      3. Prehistoric/Mythic era Kings of the Picts — 1153 BC to AD 43
      4. Roman era Kings of the Picts — AD 43 to AD 410
      5. Sub-Roman era Kings of the Picts — AD 410 to AD 550
      6. Early Mediæval era Picts
        1. Kings of the Picts — AD 550 to AD 552
        2. Pictlands
          1. North Pictland — AD 552 to AD 697
          2. South Pictland — AD 552 to AD 697
        3. United Pictland — AD 697 to AD 850
      7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of the Picts
        1. Geography of the Picts
        2. Genealogy of the Picts
        3. Timeline of the Picts
    5. The History of the Scots
      1. Introduction to the History of the Scots
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Scot”, Scot Settlements, and Scot-related Peoples
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Scot”, Scot Settlements, and Scot-related Peoples
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Scot”
        3. Settlements of the Scots
        4. Comparison of Other Peoples to the Scots
      3. Sub-Roman era Scots
        1. Early Sub-Roman era Scots
          1. Kings of Dal Riada/Dál Riata
          2. AD 474 to AD 477
        2. Middle Sub-Roman era Scots
          1. Kings of Dal Riada/Dál Riata
          2. AD 477 to AD 523
        3. Late Sub-Roman era Scots
          1. Kings of Dal Riada/Dál Riata
          2. AD 523 to AD 550
      4. Early Mediæval era Scots
        1. Kings of Dal Riada/Dál Riata — AD 550 to AD 850
        2. Kings of Scotland — Kings of Scots and Picts
          1. House of Alpin
          2. AD 850 to AD 871
      5. True Mediæval era Scots — Kings of Scotland
        1. House of Alpin — AD 871 to AD 1034
        2. House of Atholl — AD 1034 to AD 1040
        3. House of Alpin — AD 1040 to AD 1058
        4. House of Atholl/Canmore — AD 1058 to AD 1292
        5. House of Balliol — AD 1292 to AD 1304
        6. House of Bruce — AD 1304 to AD 1371
        7. House of Stewart — AD 1371 to AD 1485
      6. Early Modern era Scots — House of Stewart
        1. Kings of Scotland — AD 1485 to AD 1603
        2. Under English rule — AD 1603 to AD 1624
      7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of the Scots
        1. Geography of the Scots
        2. Genealogy of the Scots
        3. Timeline of the Scots
    6. The History of the Irish
      1. Introduction to the History of the Irish
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
             The Name “Irish”, Irish Settlements, and Irish-related Peoples
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
               The Name “Irish”, Irish Settlements, and Irish-related Peoples
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Irish”
        3. Settlements of the Irish
        4. Comparison of Other Peoples to the Irish
      3. Prehistoric/Mythic era Irish
        1. Very First Inhabitants — 9500 BC
        2. Ces(s)air/Kesair/Banba-Fódla-Ériu
          1. Sumerian
          2. 3065 BC
        3. Partholán/Partholoim/Partholomus/Partholanians
          1. left Greece in 2760 BC
          2. arrived in 2753 BC
          3. in 2751 BC, they encountered Fomorians
          4. lived until 2603 BC
        4. Fomóraigh/Fomorians
          1. NonCeltiberian/Heavy Neanderthal admixture
          2. High Kings of Ireland
          3. 2751 BC to 1287 BC
        5. Nemed(ians)
          1. Sumerian/Belgae admixture
          2. arrived in 2573 BC
          3. in 2564 BC, most died of a plague
        6. Fir Bolg/Firbolgs
          1. Belgae/former slaves to the Greeks
          2. High Kings of Ireland
          3. 2334 BC to 1477 BC
        7. Tuatha dé Danann
          1. Oetzi/Belgae admixture
          2. High Kings of Ireland
          3. 2334 BC to 1287 BC
        8. Goídelic/Gaelic/Celtiberian/Milesian
          1. Scythian
          2. moved to Egypt
          3. moved back to Scythia
          4. moved to Basque (Spain)
          5. High Kings of Ireland
          6. 1287 BC to AD 43
      4. Roman era Irish
        1. Goídelic/Gaelic/Celtiberian/Milesian
          1. High Kings of Ireland
          2. AD 43 to AD 368
        2. Historical Ireland — AD 368 to AD 410
      5. Sub-Roman era Irish
        1. Historical Ireland
        2. AD 410 to AD 550
      6. Early Mediæval era Irish
        1. Historical Ireland
        2. AD 550 to AD 871
      7. True Mediæval era Irish
        1. Historical Ireland — AD 871 to AD 1177/1183
        2. Lordship and Kingdom of Ireland — AD 1177/1183 to AD 1485
      8. Early Modern era Irish — Lordship and Kingdom of Ireland
        1. AD 1485 to AD 1542
        2. AD 1543 to AD 1624
      9. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of the Irish
        1. Geography of the Irish
        2. Genealogy of the Irish
        3. Timeline of the Irish

“There is more of Rome*, than of Romance, about Arthuriana”Glyn Hnutu-healh
 
*and Achaea, Akkad, Alans, Anglia, Arameans, Armorica, Assyria, Babylon, Briton, Cambria, Canaan, Cornwall, Crete, Cumbria, Dalriada, Domnonia, Egypt,
Etruscans, ExtraTerrestrials, France, Frisia, Gaul, Greece, Hindavi, Hittites, Huns, Hurrians, Idubor, Ireland, Judaea, Jutland, Lydia, Macedonia,
Mesopotamia, Mycenaea, Narts, Norse, Persia, Phoenicia, Phrygia, Picts, Saxony, Scotland, Semites, Sumer, Ugarit, and Wales — to name a few

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