Main      Introduction      History      Arthur   
Lady of Lake      Gawain      Morgan, Mordred, Avalon   
Camelot      Tristan, Isolde      Grail      Round Table, Knights   
Perceval, Galahad      Guinevere      Excalibur      Merlin   
Lancelot      Compendium      Sources   
Email Glyn Hnutu-healh   
An Introduction:
Genealogical and Geographical
Origins and Archetypes
of Arthuriana

  1. Introduction to Circle of Logres
  2. Heroes and Quests
    1. Introduction to Heroes and Quests
    2. The Hero Story of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere
      1. Introduction to the Hero Story of King Arthur and Queen Guinevere
      2. Arthur, Lord King of Logres
        1. Introduction to Arthur, Lord King of Logres
        2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Arthur’s Name, Multiple Arthurs, and Other Heroes/Deities
          1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Arthur’s Name, Multiple Arthurs, and Other Heroes/Deities
          2. Meaning and Origin of the Name Arthur
          3. Existence of Multiple Arthurs
          4. Comparison of Other Heroes/Deities to Arthur
        3. Beginnings
          1. Merlin and the Birth of Arthur
          2. A Birthplace and A Home
          3. The Death of Uther
          4. Excalibur
          5. Merlin and the Instruction of Arthur
        4. Duty and Battles
          1. Duty
          2. Battles
        5. Camelot
          1. Marriage to Guinevere in a Rebuilt and Restored Britain
          2. Assembled Court
          3. Knights of the Round Table, Conquest of Europe, and Nine Years of Peace and Security
          4. Adulteries, Adventures, and Quests
          5. Completion of the Grail Quest
        6. Endings
          1. Betrayal: Guinevere, Lancelot, Rome, Mordred, and the Battle of Camlann
          2. Arthur’s Last Request, the Isle of Avalon, and other Endings
        7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
          1. Geography of Arthur
          2. Genealogy of Arthur
          3. Timeline of Arthur
      3. Guinevere, Lady Queen of Logres
    3. The Quest Stories of Perceval, Galahad, and the Holy Grail
      1. Introduction to the Quest Stories of Perceval, Galahad, and the Holy Grail
      2. Sir Perceval and Sir Galahad, Quest Knights of Logres
        1. Introduction to Sir Perceval and Sir Galahad, Quest Knights of Logres
        2. Sir Perceval, Quest Knight of Logres
          1. Introduction to Sir Perceval, Quest Knight of Logres
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Perceval’s Name, Other Percevals, and Other Wise Fools
          3. Beginnings
          4. Adulthood — Knight of the Round Table
          5. Endings
          6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Perceval
        3. Sir Galahad, Quest Knight of Logres
          1. Introduction to Sir Galahad, Quest Knight of Logres
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Galahad’s Name, Other Galahads, and Other Pure Heroes
          3. Beginnings
          4. Adulthood — Quest for the Holy Grail
          5. Endings — Ascension to Heaven
          6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Galahad
      3. The Holy Grail, Quest of Logres
        1. Introduction to the Holy Grail, Quest of Logres
        2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
                    the Name “Grail”, Multiple “Grails”, and Other Sacred/Mystical Objects
          1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison:
                      the Name “Grail”, Multiple “Grails”, and Other Sacred/Mystical Objects
          2. Meaning and Origin of the Name “Grail”
          3. Existence of Multiple “Grails”
          4. Comparison of Other Sacred/Mystical Objects to “Grail”
        3. “Grail” in Literature
          1. Introduction to the “Grail” in Literature
          2. Earliest Reference(s) in Literature
          3. King Arthur’s Knights visiting the Grail Castle — Questing after the Grail
          4. Grail’s history in the time of Joseph of Arimathea
        4. Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights
          1. Introduction to the Grail Kingdom, Castle, Family, and Heroes/Knights
          2. Grail Kingdom
          3. Grail Castle
          4. Grail Family
          5. Grail Heroes/Knights
        5. Grail Procession, Maidens, and Questions
          1. Introduction to the Grail Procession, Maidens, and Questions
          2. Grail Procession
          3. Grail Maidens
          4. Grail Questions
        6. Folklore Motifs related to “Grails”
          1. Introduction to Folklore Motifs related to “Grails”
          2. Forms related to “Grails”
          3. Motif Categories related to “Grails”
        7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
          1. Geography of the Grail
          2. Genealogy of the Grail
          3. Timeline of the Grail
  3. Prophets and Adventures
    1. Introduction to Prophets and Adventures
    2. The Prophet Story of Merlin, Morgan le Fey, Mordred, and Dwellers in Avalon
      1. Introduction to the Prophet Story of Merlin, Morgan le Fey, Mordred, and Dwellers in Avalon
      2. Merlin, Prophet and Wizard of Logres
      3. Morgan le Fay, Mordred, and Dwellers in Avalon: Dark Mysteries of Logres
        1. Introduction to Morgan le Fay, Mordred, and Dwellers in Avalon: Dark Mysteries of Logres
        2. Morgan le Fay, one of the Dark Mysteries of Logres
        3. Mordred, one of the Dark Mysteries of Logres
          1. Introduction to Mordred, one of the Dark Mysteries of Logres
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Mordred’s Name, Multiple Mordreds, and Other Tricksters
          3. Beginnings
          4. Knighthood
          5. Camelot and Conflict
          6. Endings
          7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Mordred
        4. Avalon, one of the Dark Mysteries of Logres
          1. Introduction to Avalon, one of the Dark Mysteries of Logres
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name of Avalon, Multiple Avalons, and Other Legendary Islands and Idyllic Locations
          3. Beginnings
          4. Events in Avalon
          5. Related Literature
          6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Avalon
    3. The Adventure Story of Gawain, the Round Table, and True Knights of Logres
      1. Introduction to the Adventure Story of Gawain, the Round Table, and True Knights of Logres
      2. Sir Gawain, Bravest Knight of the Five-Pointed Star of Logres
      3. The Round Table, True Knights of Logres
        1. Introduction to the Round Table, True Knights of Logres
        2. The Round Table
          1. Introduction to the Round Table
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name Round Table, Other Round Tables, and Other Fellowships and Rings
          3. Beginnings
          4. Mediaeval Developments
          5. Endings
          6. Round Table Associations with Physical Locations
          7. Arthur’s Association with Related Objects
          8. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of the Round Table
        3. True Knights of Logres
  4. Adventures and Love
    1. Introduction to Adventures and Love
    2. The Adventure Story of Lancelot and the Lady of the Lake
      1. Introduction to the Adventure Story of Lancelot and the Lady of the Lake
      2. Sir Lancelot of the Lake, Best Knight of Logres
        1. Introduction to Sir Lancelot of the Lake, Best Knight of Logres
        2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Lancelot’s Name, Another Lancelot, and Other Similar Heroes
          1. Meaning and Origin of Lancelot’s Name
          2. Existence of Another Lancelot
          3. Comparison of Other Similar Heroes to Lancelot
        3. Beginnings
          1. Family
          2. Birth and Childhood
          3. Becoming a Knight
        4. As a Knight of the Round Table
          1. In other tales, after joining the Round Table, Lancelot serves Duke Galahaut/Galeholt/Galehaut of Sorelois
          2. Lancelot rescues Gawain
          3. In Ulrich von Zatzikhoven’s Lanzelet, Lancelot travels to the castle of Pluris
          4. Lancelot rescues Guinevere
          5. Traveling on other adventures (recounted in different tales)
          6. Lancelot, Amable, and Elaine /Amite/Helizabel
          7. Lancelot and Mordred
          8. Lancelot goes Mad
          9. Lancelot’s Grail Adventures
        5. Endings
          1. Lancelot’s Betrayal
          2. Deaths of Arthur and Mordred
          3. Deaths of Guinevere and Lancelot
        6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
          1. Geography of Lancelot
          2. Genealogy of Lancelot
          3. Timeline of Lancelot
      3. The Lady of the Lake, Sacred Feminine of Logres
        1. Introduction to The Lady of the Lake, Sacred Feminine of Logres
        2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name “The Lady of the Lake”, Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”, and Other Similar Females
          1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name “The Lady of the Lake”, Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”, and Other Similar Females
          2. Meaning and Origin of The Name “The Lady of the Lake”
          3. Existence of Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”
          4. Comparison of Other Similar Females to “The Lady of the Lake”
        3. Descriptions and Attributes of The Lady of the Lake
          1. Appears as a beautiful, mysterious, dignified woman
          2. Pragmatic, calm, and knowledgeable
          3. Plays a pivotal role in many stories
          4. Positive Traits
          5. Negative Traits
        4. Her Watery Court/Castle/Realm
          1. Form and Features of Location — “Celtic” Otherworld
          2. Possible locales for “The Lake”
        5. Literary References to “Ladies of the Lake”
          1. Chrétien de Troyes’ Lancelot, or Le Chevalier de la Charrete (Lancelot, or The Knight of the Cart)
          2. Layamon’s Brut (Brutus, or The Chronicle of Britain)
          3. Vulgate Cycle
          4. Ulrich von Zarzikhoven’s Lanzelet
          5. Post-Vulgate Cycle
          6. Owain
          7. Arthour and Merlin
          8. Merlin
          9. La Tavola Ritonda (The Round Table)
          10. Prose Merlin
          11. Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (The Death of Arthur)
        6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
          1. Geography of The Lady of the Lake
          2. Genealogy of The Lady of the Lake
          3. Timeline of The Lady of the Lake
    3. The Love Story of Tristan, Isolde, and Camelot
      1. Introduction to the Love Story of Tristan, Isolde, and Camelot
      2. Tristan and Isolde, Tragic Lovers in Logres
        1. Introduction to Tristan and Isolde, Tragic Lovers in Logres
        2. Sir Tristan, Tragic Lover in Logres
          1. Introduction to Sir Tristan, Tragic Lover in Logres
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Tristan’s Name, Other Tristans, and Other Tragic Lovers
          3. Beginnings
          4. Adulthood
          5. Endings
          6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Tritan
        3. Lady Isolde, Tragic Lover in Logres
          1. Introduction to Lady Isolde, Tragic Lover in Logres
          2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: Isolde’s Name, Other Isoldes, and Other Tragic Lovers
          3. Beginnings
          4. Early Ending
          5. Continuation
          6. Endings
          7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline of Isolde
      3. Camelot, Kingdom of Logres
        1. Introduction to Camelot, Kingdom of Logres
        2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name Camelot, Another Camelot, and Other Castles and Courts
          1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name Camelot, Another Camelot, and Other Castles and Courts
          2. Meaning and Origin of the Name Camelot
          3. Existence of Another Camelot/Kamaalot
          4. Comparison of Other Castles and Courts to Camelot
        3. Beginnings
          1. Locations
          2. Early Kings
        4. During Arthur’s time
          1. Main residence and Capital
          2. Where Arthur held his court
          3. Chivalrous and courteous inhabitants
          4. Rose scented gardens where knights speak of love
          5. Location for many tournaments (Jousts being held in a meadow outside the city)
          6. One of Gawain’s battles against the Saxons
          7. Impressive architecture
          8. Many churches
          9. Mighty Castle
        5. Literary Occurances of Arthur’s Court (by various names)
          1. Geoffrey of Monmouth’s Historia Regum Britanniae
          2. Chrétien de Troyes’ Lancelot or Le Chevalier de la Charrete
          3. Chrétien de Troyes’ Érec et Énide
          4. Chrétien de Troyes’ Yvain or Le Chevalier au Lion
          5. Wolfram von Eschenbach’s Parzival
          6. Culhwch ac Olwen
          7. Vulgate Cycle
          8. Robert de Boron’s Didot-Perceval
          9. Perlesvaus
          10. Post-Vulgate Cycle
          11. Palamedes
          12. La Tavola Ritonda
          13. Trioedd Ynys Prydein
          14. Sir Gawain and the Green Knight
          15. Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur
          16. William Camden’s Britannia
          17. Michael Drayton’s Poly-Olbion
        6. Endings
          1. In the Post-Vulgate Mort Artu
          2. In La Tavola Ritonda, it falls to ruin after Arthur’s death
        7. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
          1. Geography of Camelot
          2. Genealogy of Camelot
          3. Timeline of Camelot
  5. Linkages and Synthesis (Excalibur, the History, and a Compendium)
    1. Introduction to Linkages and Synthesis (Excalibur, the History, and a Compendium)
    2. Excalibur, Sword of Logres
      1. Introduction to Excalibur, Sword of Logres
      2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name Excalibur, Multiple Excaliburs, and Other Swords and Weapons
        1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name Excalibur, Multiple Excaliburs, and Other Swords and Weapons
        2. Meaning and Origin of the Name Excalibur
        3. Existence of Multiple Excaliburs
          1. Introduction to the Existence of Multiple Excaliburs
          2. Caladcholg/Caledbolg/(In) Calad(-)bolg/caladbuilc
          3. Caladfwlch/Caledfwlch/Caledvwlch/Caladvwlch/Calwdvwlch/Calesvol/Caladviolch/Kaledvoulc’h/Kaledvoul’ch
          4. C(h)alabrum/Cal(l)ib(o)urc/C(h)alabrun/Caleburn/Caliburn(i)(us)
          5. Calibo(u)r(n)e/Callibo(u)r(c)(h)/Escalibor(c)/Esicalibur/Esecalibur/Escalibur/Excalibor/Excalibar/Excalibur
        4. Other Swords and Weapons, Comparison with and in Addition to Excalibur
          1. Introduction to Other Swords and Weapons
          2. Swords
          3. Other Weapons
      3. Beginnings
        1. “Excalibur” was forged
          1. Isle of Avalon
          2. Otherworld
          3. Mt Aetna
        2. “Sword of Rex Nemorensis”
        3. Sword of Fergus mac Roich
        4. Sword of Cú Chulainn
        5. Sword(s) of Gaius Iulius Caesar
          1. Crocea Mors — Yellow Death
          2. Angau Coch — Red Death
          3. Angau Glas — Grey Death
        6. Sword of Prince Nennius of Briton
        7. Sword of Tiberius Claudius Nero (as a Gladius)
        8. Sword of Magnus Maximus/Maxen Wledig (as an Early Byzantine blade)
        9. Passed to the Lady of the Lake
        10. “Sword in the Stone” is broken in battle
        11. Lady of the Lake bestows Excalibur and its valueable scabbard upon Arthur
          1. Sometime after he began to reign
          2. Scabbard protects wounded possessor of it from dying due to blood loss
          3. The Lady of the Lake may have had Saxon connections of some kind
        12. Description and Attributes of Excalibur
          1. The descriptions of Excalibur fit variations of the Spatha, a sword used by the Romans
          2. When the sword was unsheathed (drawn), its blade glowed white-blue (as ice that was hot)
          3. No armor could withstand it
          4. Excalibur instantly kills anyone it touches
          5. Possesses a kind of oracular magic — Gazing into the sword enabled Arthur to give every questioner an answer
      4. In Arthur’s care
        1. He draws against the Wild Beasts of the Forest
        2. With this weapon, Arthur vanquished many foes
        3. Against the Saxons, the sword Caliburnus (Excalibur) is used in the Battle of Badon
        4. He occasionally entrusted “Excalibur” to Others
          1. Llenlleawg Wyddel
          2. Gawain
          3. Lancelot
          4. Meliadus
          5. Morgan le Fay
      5. Endings
        1. After the final battle with Mordred
          1. Arthur commands one of his knights to throw “Excalibur” into a nearby lake
          2. A mysterious hand rises from the water and seizes the sword, drawing it under
          3. Excalibur is probably recovered by a water fairy (perhaps the Lady of the Lake herself)
        2. Cadwr (Cado/Cador/Cadorius), Earl of Cornwall, rose with Arthur’s (his half-brother’s) sword
        3. Constantine (Son of Cado), who was the nephew of Arthur, had the sword Caliburc (Excalibur)
        4. In AD 1191, King Richard the Lionheart
          1. Presented “Caliburn(us)” to his ally, Tancred of Lecce (King of Sicily)
          2. Sword was ‘discovered’ during the exhumation of Arthur’s body at Glastonbury
        5. In AD 1215, “Excalibur” was in the Royal Regalia lost by King John
          1. When his treasure wagon overturned at The Wash
          2. Whilst he was attempting to avoid the barons
        6. By the early Thirteenth Century AD,
          1. (Ex)calibur(n) had been passed down to Tancred’s successors
          2. Until it reached Frederick II, the Holy Roman Emperor
        7. In AD 1229,
          1. Frederick II presented (Ex)calibur(n)
          2. To Peter of Koroneou
        8. By AD 1260,
          1. Peter had broken the sword
          2. In battle
      6. Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
        1. Geography of Excalibur
        2. Genealogy of Excalibur
        3. Timeline of Excalibur
    3. The History
      1. Introduction to the History
      2. The History of Cornwall, Wales, and France
        1. Introduction to the History of Cornwall, Wales, and France
        2. The History of Cornwall
        3. The History of Wales
        4. The History of France
      3. The History of the Saxons, Romans, Picts, Scots, and the Irish
        1. Introduction to the History of the Saxons, Romans, Picts, Scots, and the Irish
        2. The History of the Saxons
        3. The History of the Romans
        4. The History of the Picts
        5. The History of the Scots
        6. The History of the Irish
    4. A Compendium of Summaries

“There is more of Rome, than of Romance, about Arthuriana”Glyn Hnutu-healh

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