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The Lady of the Lake,
Sacred Feminine of Logres

  1. Introduction to The Lady of the Lake, Sacred Feminine of Logres
  2. Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name “The Lady of the Lake”, Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”, and Other Similar Females
    1. Introduction to the Meaning, Origin, Existence, and Comparison: The Name “The Lady of the Lake”, Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”, and Other Similar Females
    2. Meaning and Origin of The Name “The Lady of the Lake”
      1. Introduction to the Meaning and Origin of The Lady of the Lake’s Name
      2. As Title
        1. “Lady/Dam(o)sel of the Lake”
        2. “Mysterious Lady”
        3. “Enigmatic Faery Woman”
      3. Individual Names
        1. Matrona/(Modron/Morgan le Fay)/Queen of Maidenland — son: Maponos/Mabon/Mabuz
        2. Argante
        3. Ninian(n)e/Nimiane/Nimue
          1. Nin(n)ian(n)e/Nimiane/Niniame
            • Nimue
            • Helaine/Heleyne
            • Viviane
          2. Nimue/Nimuè/Nimuë/Nymue/Nynyue
            • Nineve
            • Vivienne
            • Nimiane/Niniame/Nin(n)ian(n)e
          3. Nineve/Nenive/Nyneve
            • Nin(n)ian(n)e/Nina/Niniame/Nimiane
            • Nimue/Ny(u)nyue
            • Heleyne/Helaine
            • Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Lady Lile of Avilion/Lady Lile of Avalon
          4. Viv(i)an(e)/Vivien(ne)/Evien(n)e/Éviène/Nivian/Niviene
            • Elain(n)e/Helaine/Heleyne
            • Ninian(n)e/Ninienue/Nimane/Nimiane
            • Nimue/Nymenche
            • Suniane/Uiuiane
            • Dame du Lac/Dame del Lac
        4. Malvis
        5. Seraide/Saraiade/Celice
      4. The Lake itself
        1. Lac(h)
        2. Lais/Lays
    3. Existence of Multiple “Ladies of the Lake”
      1. Introduction to the Existence of Multiple Ladies of the Lake
      2. “The Lady of the Lake” as the titular name of the female ruler of “Avalon”
        1. Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Dame L’ile d’Avilion/Lady (of) the Isle of Avalon
        2. Morgan le Fay — has at least one sister who is also the Lady of the Lake
        3. Argante
        4. Viviane — daughter of Dyonas
        5. Niniane
        6. Nimue
          1. As Dam(o)sel/Handmaid(en)
          2. As Lady
        7. Nineve
      3. The fairy who raises Lancelot in France (after the death of his father)
        1. Viviane/Nin(n)iane/Nimue
          1. Viviane
          2. Nin(n)iane
          3. Nimue
        2. Matrona/(Modron/Morgan le Fay)/Queen of Maidenland
          1. Matrona
          2. (Modron)/(Morgan le Fay)
          3. Queen of Maidenland
      4. The one who gave Arthur his sword(s)
        1. Nineve/Nyneve/Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Lady Lile of Avilion/Lady Lile of Avalon
          1. Nineve/Nyneve
          2. Lady Lile of Avel(i)on/Lady Lile of Avilion/Lady Lile of Avalon
        2. Ninianne/Nimue/Ny(u)nyue/Viviane
          1. Ninianne
          2. Nimue/Ny(u)nyue
          3. Viviane
      5. The one who imprisons (enchants) Merlin
        1. Nin(n)ian(n)e
        2. Nimue/Nymue, as Merlin’s nemesis
        3. Viv(i)ane/Vivienne
      6. Those magical women who are on their ship to bear away the mortally wounded Arthur
        1. Nimue, Chief Lady of the Lake
        2. Queen Morgan le Fay
        3. The Queen of Norgales/Northgalis
        4. The Queen of the Waste Lands
      7. The fairy who heals Arthur in Avalon
        1. Queen Morgan le Fay
        2. Silver Fairy Queen Argante
    4. Comparison of Other Similar Females to “The Lady of the Lake”
      1. Introduction to the Comparison of Similar Females to “The Lady of the Lake”
      2. Ladies of the Fountains
        1. Introduction to the Ladies of the Fountains
        2. The Lady/Countess of the Fountain
          1. Laudine
          2. Wife of the Lord of the Fountain
        3. The Lady Lile of Avalon/La Dame Gauloise/La Dame Riche et Poissans
          1. A lady who admired Lancelot; Guerrehes/Gaheris met her by a fountain
          2. The second of the ladies whom Guerrehes/Gaheris met by the fountain
          3. The third of the ladies whom Guerrehes/Gaheris met by the fountain
          4. Whom Gawain found
            • Lamenting in a pavilion
            • Near the Miraculous Fountain
            • She deceived him
          5. A lady who recognises Lancelot
            • After the tournament between the King of Norgales and Baudemagus/Bagdemagus
            • At whose castle Lancelot stays
            • She promised to show him “la plus bele riens”
            • Conducts Lancelot to Corbenic/Carbonek
      3. Ganieda/Gwenddydd — Sister of Myrddin/Merlin
      4. Gwendoloena/Coventina — Wife of Myrddin/Merlin
      5. Rhiannon
      6. Scatach
      7. Limnatis Artemis
      8. Egeria
      9. Dea Latis
      10. Diana/Dyan(n)e
      11. Mneme/Mnemosyne
      12. Grendel’s mother
  3. Descriptions and Attributes of The Lady of the Lake
    1. Appears as a beautiful, mysterious, dignified woman
    2. Pragmatic, calm, and knowledgeable
    3. Plays a pivotal role in many stories
    4. Positive Traits
      1. A generally beneficent enchantress who acts as a basically recognizable force for good
      2. A mysterious, almost angelic benefactress of Arthur and his court
      3. Compassionate, clever, strong willed, and sympathetic; especially to Arthur
      4. Heavily stresses justice based on the greater good
      5. Helps knights and damsels alike
    5. Negative Traits
      1. Generally characterized as wicked and evil
      2. A villainess and temptress
  4. Her Watery Court/Castle/Realm
    1. Form and Features of Location — “Celtic” Otherworld
      1. In a lake — The Lake
      2. On an island — Avalon
      3. In a mysterious land that may be in a lake and/or on an island — Maidenland
      4. As described by Merlin: “within that lake is a rock, and therein is a fair place as any on earth, and richly beseen”
    2. Possible locales for “The Lake”
      1. Britain
        1. Caer Lleon/Ca(e)rl(l)ion/City of Legions
          1. Isca Silurum/Camu-lôt/Caerleon(-on-Usk)
          2. Caerleon-upon-Dee/Chester (upon the Dee)
        2. Martin Mere
        3. Dozmary Pool
        4. Llyn Llydaw
        5. Llyn Ogwen
        6. The Loe
        7. Pomparles Bridge
        8. Loch Arthur
        9. Aleines
        10. Llyn y Fan Fach (near Myddfai)
      2. France
        1. Benoye
        2. Brocéliande Forest
        3. The Lake of Diana
          1. In Brittany
          2. Containing an invisible island
      3. Sicily – Pergusa Lake
  5. Literary References to “Ladies of the Lake”
    1. Chrétien de Troyes’ Lancelot, or Le Chevalier de la Charrete (Lancelot, or The Knight of the Cart)
    2. Layamon’s Brut (Brutus, or The Chronicle of Britain)
    3. Vulgate Cycle
    4. Ulrich von Zarzikhoven’s Lanzelet
    5. Post-Vulgate Cycle
    6. Owain
    7. Arthour and Merlin
    8. Merlin
    9. La Tavola Ritonda (The Round Table)
    10. Prose Merlin
    11. Sir Thomas Malory’s Le Morte d’Arthur (The Death of Arthur)
  6. Appendices: Geography, Genealogy, and Timeline
    1. Geography of The Lady of the Lake
    2. Genealogy of The Lady of the Lake
    3. Timeline of The Lady of the Lake

“There is more of Rome, than of Romance, about Arthuriana”Glyn Hnutu-healh

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